National Disaster Management Authority Government of India
round
Alert
round
round

Bihar

Bihar - Official website - http://disastermgmt.bih.nic.in/ 

Hazard Profile - Flood, Drought, Fire and Earthquake

Control Room - 0612-2217305, 0612-2217305

CHIEF MINSTER

Sh. Nitish Kumar

 

List of DCs and SPs Bihar-  

Sl no

District

Office/FAX No

Residence

Mobile No.

1

Patna

0612-
2219545/2222205
Fax-2218900
2230788

0612-2219097
2287123

9431016300

2

Nalanda(Biharsharil)

06112-235203
FAX-235205 236854

06112-235204

 

3

Bhajpur(Arrah)

06182-221312
FAX-233474
241222

06182-223311

 

4

Buxar

06183-222336
FAX-222231
226935

06183-222335

 

5

Rohals(Sasaram)

06184-222226
FAX-221309
221224
228856

06184-222224

 

6

Kaimur

06189-223241
FAX-223301

06189-223250

 

7

                           Magadh

2423001
FAX-2221641

2423002

 

8

Gaya

0631-2420005
FAX-2223561

0631-2222800

 

9

Aurangabad

06186-223167
FAX-223211

06186-223168

 

10

Jahanabad

06114-223072
FAX-
223142 222003
225741

06114-223001

 

11

Arwal

06337-228994
FAX-
228988/228639

06337-226985

 

12

Nawada

06324-
212253
FAX-212904

06324-212240

 

13

Saran

222875
FAX-232833
244455

222716

 

14

Saran(Chapra)

06152-232301
FAX-240006
240003

06152-232302

 

15

Siwan

06154-242099
FAX-242160
242373

06154-242098

 

 

16

 

Gopalganj

06156-224661
FAX-
226004
226003

06156-224662

 

17

Tirhut

2212103
FAX-2212202/2212972

2212104

9431008421

18

Muzaffpur

0621-2212101
FAX-2217285

0621-2212105

 

19

W.Champaran(Betiah)

06254-232534
FAX-242576

06254-232535

 

20

E.Champaran

06252-242700
FAX-242576

06252-242800

 

21

Sitamarhi

06226-250439
FAX-254516
250535

06226-250405

 

22

Sheohar

06222-257263
FAX-
254516
250535

06222-257360

 

23

Vaishali(Hajipur)

06224-272201
FAX-272501
272503

06224-272503

 

24

Darbhanga

06272-240335/241088
FAX-240400/245357

06272-2403200

9431219779

25

Madhubani

06276-
222217
FAX-22209
222328

06276-222218

 

26

Samaslipur

06274-
222300
FAX-
222216

06274-222301

 

27

Kosi

224984
FAX-223604

224780

 

28

Saharsa

06478-
224102
FAX-224986
225544

06478-223601

 

29

Supaul

06473-
223112
FAX-223041
224210

06473-223111

 

30

Madhepura

06476-
222741
FAX-222005
222745

06476-222742

 

 

31

 

Purnea

06454-242599
06454-242312
FAX-242599
242312

06454-242501

9431230001

32

 

Katihar

06452
222581
FAX-230880

06452-222583

 

34

Arania

06453-
222001
FAX-222124

06453-222102

 

35

Kishanganj

06456-
222530
FAX-222626 225480

06456-222535

 

36

Munger

06344-
222402
FAX-222254

06344-222401

9431236740

37

Begusarai

06243-
212285
FAX-230571
227200

06243-200584

 

38

Jamui

06345
222002
FAX-222277

06345-222001

 

39

Khagaria

06244-
222135
FAX-222154
227006

06244-222134

 

40

Lakhisarai

06346-
232124
FAX-232767

06346-232490

 

41

Shekhpura

06341-
223041
FAX-223001
225202

06341-223100

 

42

Bhagalpur

0641-
2402300
FAX-2402400

0641-240220

9431214750

43

Banka

06424-
222304
FAX-222289

06424-222303

 

Details of SSP/SP’s of District

S.NO

Name of District

SSP/SP

Mobile

Office No.

Residence No.

Fax

1.

Araria

SP

9431800002

06453-222050

222075

222018

2.

Arwal

SP

9431822977

06337-228821

228639

228639

3.

Aurangabad

 SP

9431822974

06186-222200

222201

222202

4.

Banka

 SP

9431800004

06424-222306

222305

222236

5.

Begusarai

SP

9431800011

06243-223015

223015

230519

6.

Bhagalpur

 SSP

9431800003

0641-2400103

2401003

2401153

7.

Bhojpur

 SP

9431822980

06182-221320

233302

233303

8.

Buxar

 SP

9431822981

06183-222030

222375

222375

9.

Darbhanga

SP

9431822992

06272-245382

245800

245206

10.

East Champaran(Motihari)

 

 

06252-232684 

 

 

11.

Gaya

 SP

9473191722

0631-2225901/2224572

2225855

2222349

12.

Gopalganj

SP

9431822991

06156-224669

224631

224668

13.

Jamui

 SP

9431800007

06345-222302

222301

222301

14.

Jehanabad

SP

9431822976

06114-223108

223110

223110

15.

Khagaria

 SP

9431800010

06244-222086

222053

223519

16.

Kishanganj

SP

9431822999

06456-222338

222438

223138

17.

Kaimpur (Bhabhua)

SP

9431822979

06189-223211

223672

223672
223266

18.

Katihar

 

 

06452-230601 

 

 

19.

Lakhisarai

SP

9431800008

06346-232707

232705

234271

20.

Madhubani

 

 

06276-223486 

 

 

21.

Munger

SP

9431800006

06344-222406

222405

222444

22.

Madhepura

SP

9431822997

06476-222004

222743

222743

23.

Muzaffarpur

SP

9431822982

0621-2217797

2212119

2212107

24.

Nalanda

SP

9431822972

06112-235207

235206

233978

25.

Nawada

SP

9431822975

06324-214389/ 0612-2219359

212263
215565

212263

26.

Patna

 SP

9431822969

0612-2219423(SP-Central)

0612-2219359(SP-East)

0612-2219360(SP-West)

2219041

 

27.

Purnia

SP

9431822998

06454-242508

242502

242502

28.

Rohtas

SP

9431822978

06184-253204

253205

256200

29.

Saharsa

SP

9431822995

06478-224556

225554

225554

30.

Samastipur

SP

9431822993

06274-222034

222350

222350

31.

Sheohar

SP

9431822984

06222-257345

257344

257344

32.

Sheikhpura

SP

9431800009

06341-223339

223037

223386

33.

Saran

SP

9431822962

06152-232306

232739

232739

34.

Sitamarhi

SP

9431822983

06226-250526

250421

250880

35.

Supaul

SP

9431822996

06473-223061

223121

223666

36.

Siwan

SP

9431822990

06154-242060

242366

242977

37.

Vaishali

SP

9431822985

06224-272102

272101

272103

38.

West Champarin (Bettia)

 

 

 06254-232563

 

 

 

 


View Bihar in a larger map

The geographical complexion of Bihar, its boundary, its land, its water bodies, the climate and, above all, its location makes it the Home State of Hazards. Almost all the districts are prone to most of the major hazards: earthquake, floods, cyclone, drought and fire. Sometimes two of the major hazards visit different parts of the state during the same period. This constitutes the multi- hazard profile of the state in true sense of the term.

The Earthquake :

Being located in the high seismic zone perched on the boundary of the tectonic plate joining the Himalayan tectonic plate near the Bihar-Nepal Border and having six sub-surface fault lines penetrating through its Gangetic planes in four directions, Bihar is vulnerable to the worst kind of disaster caused by earthquake of near maximum intensity. Out of eleven districts in Zone V two districts—Madhubani and Supaul are 100% covered; two districts—Araria and Sitamarhi, more than 85%; Dharbhanga,

Madhepura & Saharsa, above 45% and the rest four—Kishanganj, Muzaffarpur, Purnia and Sheohar, less than 10%. In all 15.2% of the total area of Bihar is covered in Zone V.

Out of 30 districts in Zone IV, 13 districts are 100% in zone IV; 8 districts are above and around 90%; and the rest of the 16 districts are below 80% in Zone IV.

In all, 63.7% of the total area of Bihar fall in Zone IV. Out of 13 districts in Zone III, 5 districts are 100% , 2 districts around 80% and the rest below 70%. In all 21.1% of the total area of Bihar falls in Zone III Thus, Bihar has suffered ten earthquakes in a span of 247 years. Earthquakes ranging from 5.5 to 8.3 on the Richter scale has rocked and wrecked Bihar. The latest earthquake was reported on 18th Sept. 2011 at 6.12 pm on 6.8 Richter scale with epicenter being in Sikkim – Nepal region. Only 10 deaths were reported in the state. The worst of these was in 1934, one in which more than 25,000 persons lost their lives. Bhatgaon in Nepal and Munger in Bihar were completely ruined. Large part of Patna and Kathmandu in Nepal and Motihari, Muzaffarpur and Darbhanga in Bihar were also destroyed along with innumerable villages in between. Many of the houses got sunk in the ground. The isoseismic covered an area of about 36000 sq. km with a length of about 300 km.

The earthquake happened on Monday, January 15, 1934. Its worst manifestation was in North East Bihar. Calcutta, which itself received a severe shaking, was the news centre, and news came slowly, because the area which suffered most was very isolated and normal communication were interrupted. Railway lines were twisted, bridges were broken, great fissures had append across the roads, telegraph and telephone lines were down. Patna, the capital of Bihar and then Orissa, had been badly damaged, Jamalpur where the railway stations had collapsed, an incoming train had suffered more terribly and that there had been many deaths in Bihar. In Bengal there was bad news from Darjeeling.

The Floods :

Bihar is endowed with rich water bodies consisting of glacial rivers, rain-fed rivulets and tals and ground water. The whole of North Bihar is a courtyard of Himalayan Rivers and the whole of South Bihar the backyard of rivers flowing from south. Together they divide the State in seven river zones as if, bracketed between two major rivers, the rich land falling in-between is held in ransom by them.

Most of these rivers namely Ghaghra, Gandak, Burhi Gandak, Bagmati, Kamla, Adhwara group of rivers, Kosi and Mahanada have Himalayan origin and have considerable portion of their catchment in the galcial region falling in Nepal and Tibet. They are, therefore, positioned to receive very copious rainfall during monsoon when discharge of these rivers is 50 to 90 times larger than fair weather flow. This causes frequent and large scale flooding of North Bihar. As such, 73.63 percent of the geographical area of North Bihar is considered to be prone to floods.

Southern part of Bihar, on the other hand, is drained by rivers that are largely rainfed, having their origins either in the Vindhyachal Hills or in the Hills of Chotanagpur and Rajmahal. These rivers are either dry or have scanty discharges in non-monsoon months. Karmanasa, Sone, Punpun, Kiul, Badua, Chandan are the important rivers of this region.

Falling between the Ganga and Indo-Nepal border, North Bihar having a geographical area of around 50,000 sq.km. has a general slope from north-west to south-east. The geographical area of South Bihar is around 44000 sq.km and has a general slope of south to north.

Drought :

It is an irony of situation that a state so rich in water bodies, also suffers from severe droughts. Bihar often faces drought situation of different scales/levels that intrinsically lead to famine situations. This situation necessarily occurs when the summer monsoon gets weak and which causes percentage departure of seasonal rainfall from the normal.

Climatically, the state of Bihar lies on the cross-roads of the wet eastern coastal regions and the relatively dry continental region of the western plains. Being on the threshold of transition zone there happens regional variations in rainfall distribution as well as rainfall variability. Although, the average rainfall in Bihar is 1120 mm, but considerable variations occur with 2000 mm in the extreme eastern and northern part and less than 1000mm in the western and south-western part of the state. As a result 33% of the State receives less than 750 mm rainfall, making the southern part of Bihar vulnerable to drought. Even the 35% of north-eastern part of Bihar that receives around 1120 mm rainfall suffers drought once in four to five years due to scanty rains.